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Welcome to MITOS, a free web server for the annotation of metazoan mitochondrial genomes. Using MITOS has a number of advantages compared to manual curation:
  • reliable and consistent analysis of metazoan mitochondrial genomes
  • simple usage - selection of cutoff values not necessary
  • advanced usage - for users who are not satisfied with the default values
  • widely used file formats for sequence upload and download of the results
  • state-of-the-art methods - novel structure-based covariance models for ncRNA annotation
  • unmatched sensitivity in tRNA prediction and improved detection of rRNA 5' and 3' ends

Click here to start using MITOS or continue reading the following sections to learn more about MITOS and how to use it:
Overview
Input
Output
FAQ
Example
Advanced Usage
Studies using MITOS
Privacy

Overview

MITOS is a web server for the automatic annotation of metazoan mitochondrial genomes. MITOS allows a reliable and consistent annotation of proteins and non-coding RNAs. The analysis steps are as follows:
  • Candidate protein coding genes are found by detecting congruences in the results of blastx searches against the amino acid sequences of the annotated proteins of metazoan mitochondrial genomes found in the NCBI RefSeq 39. A postprocessing step detects start and stop codons, duplicates, and hits belonging to the same transcript, e.g. frame shift or splicing.

  • tRNAs are annotated using MITFI, i.e. novel structure-based covariance models as described in Jühling, et al. Nucleic Acids Research, 2012, 40(7):2833-2845. This approach was shown to have an unmatched sensitivity (outperforming ARWEN and tRNAscan-SE, respectively) and a precision higher than ARWEN and equivalent to tRNAscan-SE.

  • rRNA annotation is performed using structure-based covariance # models that have been developed similarly to the tRNA models. Structural considerations improve 5' and 3' end predictions of the rRNAs.

  • In a final step, conflicts are resolved and the outcome is prepared for visualization.

Input

Annotating mitochondrial genomes with MITOS is rather simple and straightforward, unburdening the user from having to select cutoff values and the like. All that must be provided is:
  1. a FASTA file, containing the genome to be annotated and

  2. the appropriate genetic code.

The user does not have to provide a name or e-mail address. However, if one chooses to do so, a link to the results page will be sent to the given address upon completion of the job. In either case, after submission of the job the user will be directed to a page displaying the status of the job, a link that allows the deletion of the job, and as soon as the job is finished the results will be shown on the same page.

Output

Results are provided in commonly used file formats: BED, GFF, FASTA, and TBL format and a visual overview of the results is presented. Additionally, a file containing the gene order, i.e. the gene names in the order of their appearance on the genome, that can be used for genome rearrangement analyses (e.g. with CREx) is provided. Furthermore, the raw data, i.e. all files that have been generated by MITOS, is available as zip archive.

Evaluating the Output

MITOS calculates e-values for ncRNA and quality values for protein coding gene predictions. Here, we provide plots with the quality value distributions for
  • the initial hits found for the 13 protein coding gene families in RefSeq 39 (norm),
  • the sequences without the respective gene (cut), and
  • the trinucleotide frequency preserving permutations (shuffle).
Within the plots the best 939 (50% the size of RefSeq 39; dashed line) and 1878 (solid line) quality values of the initial hits are indicated. These plots might be used for estimating the relative quality of the results.

FAQ

Q: How long does it take for MITOS to annotate my mitochondrial genome?
A: MITOS needs about 1.5h for a single mitogenome of average length. If multiple users submit jobs they are put in a queue. The jobs in the queue are processed in the order of their arrival and two jobs can be processed in parallel. So, if your job is queued the time until the job will be started might be roughly as: queue position ~ hours to wait.

Q: How can I share the results of MITOS with colleagues?
A: By sending them the URL shown in the browser when you access your results.

Q: How secure is the data that is uploaded and the results? Who can access it?
A: Your data is only accessible by persons knowing the precise URL. This is initially only the person who submitted the job. Thus this person can control who may access the data and results by keeping the URL a secret or distributing it. The uniqueness of the URL is ensured by a unique job identifier (which is generated using the SHA-256 method from the submitted data). It is extremely unlikely (virtually impossible) to find an identifier at random. Thus, a high security level is ensured and at the same time it is still easy for you to distribute the results to colleagues.

Q: How long are the results kept?
A: The results are deleted automatically 1 month after the submission, but they can be regenerated by restarting the job which is possible via the result link (for jobs created after April 2013).

Q: Do you provide results in other formats?
A: Currently not. However, if you think we should offer an additional format please send us a message: .

Q: I don't have a complete genome...
A: Basically, no problem. MITOS can also annotate fragments. But you should be aware of MITOS' strategy which tries to enforce a copy for each of the default metazoan mitogenes. This might evoke low scoring spurious hits.

Q: How do I cite MITOS?
A: Please cite:
M. Bernt, A. Donath, F. Jühling, F. Externbrink, C. Florentz, G. Fritzsch, J. Pütz, M. Middendorf, P. F. Stadler
MITOS: Improved de novo Metazoan Mitochondrial Genome Annotation
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 2013, 69(2):313-319 link

Q: What can I do if MITOS produced an error or is behaving unexpectedly?
A: It would be nice if you inform us by sending an email to .

Example

This example is based on the complete mitochondrial genome of Arborophila rufipectus (NC_012453). You can download the sequence in FASTA format here. Precomputed results from MITOS for this example can be found here. If you want to compare it with the annotation found in RefSeq, here is a GFF compiled from the original GenBank file (NC_012453.1).

UPLOAD

All you have to provide is the sequence in FASTA (Pearson) format and the selection of the correct genetic code. The job is submitted by clicking the Proceed button. If you enter a valid email address you will receive a notification as soon as the analysis is complete. The notification email will contain a link to the MITOS results of the job and mention the job identifier (or filename if not given). The job identifier will also be given on the job settings page. Optionally you can provide a name wich will be used to adress you.
If all of our resources are currently in use, your job will be put in a queue and you are notified about your position. Here you also have the possibility to delete your job.

Once your job is being processed you will be notified about this. Cancelling the job is not possible as soon as it is executed.
The page will reload every 30 seconds until the results are available. If you have provided a valid email address you can close this window. Otherwise you have to bookmark it or leave it open until the analysis is complete.
Input mask analysis

RESULTS

Once the annotation is ready, you will be redirected the results page. This page has a menu on the left that offering several downloads and the results in tabular and graphical form on the right.
The central part is the results table where you find all genes predicted by MITOS and their position in the provided sequence. The coordinates are as defined for the GFF format, i.e. the first base of the sequence is numbered 1 and start and stop of the feature are included. For tRNAs and rRNAs we provide secondary structure plots in svg and postscript format.
analysis
Below the table you will see a visualization of the annotation. Genes located on the plus strand are drawn in the upper part. Genes annotated on the minus strand are shown in the lower region. A small vertical line is drawn every 1,000 nt. A click on the image will present a larger annotated version.
Note that the legend of the plot indicates which feature types have been searched by MITOS (tRNA, rRNA, protein). In our example all three types have been searched - which is the default setting of MITOS. On the very bottom of the page MITOS reports peculiarities and problems of the results which may need your attention. Most importantly genes that could not be located are listed. This may happen if there is no signal for the gene or if its predicted position conflicts with other genes (e.g. if a gene is annotated to long). Furthermore cases of genes that have been found as copies or in multiple parts are listed. For both cases we provide detailed data that support the analysis of these cases (described below).
analysis
In the upper left you will find the Downloads section which contains links to different file formats to download the annotation of your sequence. Below, in the Raw Data section a zip archive containing all raw data that has been created during the annotation process, i.e. unfiltered BLAST outputs, results from the HMM search etc. Furthermore, the protein and ncRNA plots provide an easy overview on the raw data, i.e. the quality values of the initial hits from MITOS' protein prediction method and the e-values of the original infernal predictions (details below).
analysis
MITOS annotates two copies of nad6 for this sequence: the first copy on the plus strand (736-1,155) and the other on the minus strand (16,141-16,659). You will also notice that the second copy is roughly 100 nt longer than the other one. Now we need to take a look at one of the result files to confirm whether we have a real duplication event.
analysis
Download, for example, the BED file and open it with an editor of your choice. (Keep in mind that coordinates in BED files start with 0 and the stop is not included.)
MITOS annotates protein coding genes by detecting congruences in the results of BLASTX searches. That is, in short, the e-values of BLASTX searches aiming at the same target are summed up position-wise (see also: Evaluating the Output). Regions defined by stretches of positions with a "good" score are considered as connected and part of the respective protein coding region. This enables MITOS to detect frame-shifts and, by applying a greedy method, duplication events. However, in rare cases, this greedy procedure annotates an unlikely copy.
This can easily be identified by evaluating the scores given in the annotations (or the protein plots). Certainly, e-values (and therefore quality values) of two different BLAST searches cannot be compared. Nevertheless, they give us a good indication whether we have a true copy or just a region with a slight similarity.
As we can see, the putative nad6 duplicate on the minus strand has a much higher score than the one on the plus strand. Additionally, most other protein coding regions exhibit similar high quality values. From this we can conclude that the region on the minus strand contains a true nad6 gene, but the other one is unlikely and needs further examination.
analysis analysis
Further possibilities for a more detailed analysis of the results is given by the protein and ncRNA plots that are linked in the "Raw data" section. The protein plot shows for each gene and each position the quality value if it is above the threshold. Different colors are used to differentiate the genes. Basically, the initial hits used in MITOS correspond to the "mountains" in this plot. Thus this plot visualizes the signal from the BLAST searches. The arrows shown on the top of the plot show the annotation reported by MITOS. Note that the quality values are shown on a log scale. In the protein plot for the example one can clearly see the inferior quality values of the spurious nad6 hit.
The ncRNA plot shows the hits reported by infernal where conflicts among tRNAs (respectively rRNAs) are already removed. The plot differentiates between the hits from the global and glocal (if present) search by line type. Furthermore the hits are separated in priorities (1 or 2). Priority "1" refers to features set in the first round when MITOS takes the prediction hit of each feature, and priority "2" refers to all other features set afterwards in the remaining unassigned regions. Note the reverse log scale for the e-value.
analysis
In order to retrieve the parameters used for the annotation of your job we provide the job settings page. The link is the last item in the menu on the results page. The setting are shown in tabular form. The heading shows job identifier that was provided.
analysis

Advanced Usage

The default values implemented in MITOS are tested thoroughly and work well for different taxonomic lineages. If, however, you are not satisfied with the result of the annotation or if you are only interested in certain gene types, MITOS offers an advanced mode. To change the annotation parameters, press the Advanced button below the input mask.

GENERAL SEARCH SETTINGS

Multi Fasta
Per default the MITOS web server accepts only files containing a single fasta formatted sequence. This may be changed with the Multifasta checkbox. Please use this option carefully, considering the following points:
  • If a multifasta file is uploaded for each sequence in that file a job will be created. Your web browser will be redirected to the results page of the job corresponding to the last sequence in your file.
  • In order to be able to access the results of the other sequences you have to specify an email address. Note that, MITOS will send a result notification mail for each sequence (which might have spam like character).
  • Please consider that MITOS currently needs about 1-2 hours for a typical mitochondrial genome. Hence a larger amount of jobs will create a considerable computational demand which might delay also jobs of other users. You can check the current workload of the MITOS web server on the Status and Statistics page.
  • For larger data sets we could provide dedicated computational resources. Also more convenient access to larger sets of results can be organized.
  • In case of questions you might contact us at .

Feature types
Here you can select if you want to annotate all three types of genes or only a subset. If you are only interested in protein coding genes, untick the boxes for tRNAs and rRNAs. This will also decrease the time needed for annotation dramatically. See the MITOS article for a further explanation of the parameters.

PROTEIN SEARCH PARAMETERS

BLAST E-value Exponent Change this value to specify the statistical significance threshold for considering matches in the BLASTX search. The value entered here is the negation of the exponent of the E-value threshold that should be used by BLAST, i.e. a value X gives an E-value of 10^(-X).

Cutoff Minimum allowed quality value (in percent) of the maximum quality value per reading frame. A higher values correspond to shorter protein prediction and therefore reduced risk for conflicts with other features

Maximum Overlap Maximum allowed overlap (in percent) of the smaller feature.

Clipping Factor Clipping is started if overlapping prediction of hits with the same name differ by less than a factor X in their quality value.

Fragment Overlap Maximum fraction (of the shorter feature) allowed that two hits overlap in the query to be counted as fragments.

Fragment Quality Factor Maximum factor by which fragments may differ in their quality scores. Higher values allow that parts of a gene can differ more in their quality.

Start/Stop Range Range (number of amino acids) in which start and stop codon are searched.

FINAL STEP PARAMETERS

Final Maximum Overlap Maximum number of nucleotides by which genes of different types may overlap. Applies to merging of the final predictions.
analysis

Raw Data

The raw data contains the following:
blast/
The BLAST results. The directory "prot" contains the output files produced by BLAST in tabular format. The file "blast.dat" is a auxiliary file that is used to generate the protein plot.
mitfi-global/ and mitfi-local/
The results of MiTFi (tRNAout.nc and rRNAout.nc) and infernal (.cmout file) for the global and glocal search search.
plots/
All plots: protein plot, ncRNA plot, and all ncRNA secondary structures.
result
File containing the results. Positions are 0-based and start&stop position are included. Columns are: id, type, name, prediction-method, start, stop, strand, anticodon, copy-number, part-number, structure, anticodon-position.
sequence.fas
The original sequence.

Original data used in MITOS

To allow for reproducibility we publish the used original data.
  • The seed alignments and structural models for the ncRNA can be found here
  • The aminoacid sequences used to find the protein coding sequences are deposited here.

Studies using MITOS

  1. TE Parente, DA Moreira, MGP Magalhães, PCC de Andrade, C Furtado, BJ Haas, JJ Stegeman, ME Hahn. The liver transcriptome of suckermouth armoured catfish (Pterygoplichthys anisitsi, Loricariidae): Identification of expansions in defensome gene families. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2017 link.
  2. X Mu, Y Yang, Y Liu, D Luo, M Xu, H Wei, D Gu, H Song, and Y Hu. The complete mitochondrial genomes of two freshwater snails provide new protein-coding gene rearrangement models and phylogenetic implications. Parasites & Vectors, 2017 link.
  3. YD Xu, DL Guan, SQ Xu. Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the Chestnut weevil Curculio davidi (Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Conservation Genetics Resources, 2017 link.
  4. BM Robicheau, S Breton, DT Stewart. Sequence motifs associated with paternal transmission of mitochondrial DNA in the horse mussel, Modiolus modiolus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae). Gene, 2017 link.
  5. VC Seixas, CA de Moraes Russo, PC Paiva. Mitochondrial genome of the Christmas tree worm Spirobranchus giganteus (Annelida: Serpulidae) reveals a high substitution rate among annelids. Gene, 2017 link.
  6. R López-Wilchis, A Del Río-Portill, LM Guevara-Chumacero. Mitochondrial genome of Pteronotus personatus (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae): comparison with selected bats and phylogenetic considerations. Genetica 2016 link.
  7. I Stöger, KM Kocot, AJ Poustka, NG Wilson, D Ivanov, KM Halanych and M Schrödl. Monoplacophoran mitochondrial genomes: convergent gene arrangements and little phylogenetic signal. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2016 link.
  8. X Xiong, L Wu, T Xin, J Wang, Z Zou, B Xia. The complete mitochondrial genome of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) and phylogenetic analysis. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 2017 link.
  9. S Yuan, Y Xia, Y Zheng, X Zeng . Next-generation sequencing of mixed genomic DNA allows efficient assembly of rearranged mitochondrial genomes in Amolops chunganensis and Quasipaa boulengeri. PeerJ, 2016 link.
  10. EJG Wort, PB Fenberg, ST Williams. Testing the contribution of individual genes in mitochondrial genomes for assessing phylogenetic relationships in Vetigastropoda. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 2016 link.
  11. BM Robicheau, AP Young, K Labutti, IV Grigoriev, AK Walker. The complete mitochondrial genome of the conifer needle endophyte, Phialocephala scopiformis DAOMC 229536 confirms evolutionary division within the fungal Phialocephala fortinii s.l. - Acephala appalanata species complex. Fungal Biology 2016 link.
  12. Y Ogura, N Nakayama, T Hayashi, S Ueki. Mitochondrial Genome Sequences of Four Strains of the Bloom-Forming Raphidophyte Heterosigma akashiwo. Genome Announcements 2016 link.
  13. P Xiang, M Lin, Y Wang, G Audira, ST Liang, CD Hsiao. The complete mitogenome of sea slug, Nembrotha kubaryana (Mollusca: Polyceridae). Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
  14. Y Dong, L Zhu, Y Bai, Y Ou, C Wang. The complete mitochondrial genomes of two flat-backed millipedes by next-generation sequencing (Diplopoda, Polydesmida) ZooKeys 2016 link.
  15. MGP Magalhães, DA Moreira, C Furtado, TE Parente. The mitochondrial genome of Hypancistrus zebra (Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1991)(Siluriformes: Loricariidae), an endangered ornamental fish from the Brazilian Amazon. Conservation Geneticsi Resources 2016 link.
  16. JP Marques, G Sotelo, T Larsson, K Johannesson, M Panova, R Faria. Comparative mitogenomic analysis of three species of periwinkles: Littorina fabalis, L.obtusata and L. saxatilis. Marine Genomics 2016 link.
  17. RL Minton, MAM Cruz, ML Farman, KE Perez. Two complete mitochondrial genomes from Praticolella mexicana Perez, 2011 (Polygyridae) and gene order evolution in Helicoidea (Mollusca, Gastropoda). ZooKeys, 2016 link.
  18. N Song, H Li, F Song, W Cai. Molecular phylogeny of Polyneoptera (Insecta) inferred from expanded mitogenomic data. Scientific Reports, 2016 link.
  19. X Guo, M Chu, X Ding, J Pei, P Yan. The complete mitochondrial genome of Chakouyi horse (Equus caballus). Conservation Genetics Resources, 2016 link.
  20. X Kang, Y Hu, J Hu, L Hu, F Wang, D Liu. The mitochondrial genome of the lepidopteran host cadaver (Thitarodes sp.) of Ophiocordyceps sinensis and related phylogenetic analysis. Gene, 2016 link.
  21. OV Popova, KV Mikhailov, MA Nikitin, MD Logacheva, AA Penin, MS Muntyan, OS Kedrova, NB Petrov, YV Panchin, VV Aleoshin. Mitochondrial Genomes of Kinorhyncha: trnM Duplication and New Gene Orders within Animals. PloS one, 2016 link.
  22. GW Rouse, NG Wilson, JI Carvajal, RC Vrijenhoek. New deep-sea species of Xenoturbella and the position of Xenacoelomorpha. Nature, 2016 link.
  23. ECM Nowack, DC Price, D Bhattacharya, A Singer, M Melkonian, and AR Grossman. Gene transfers from diverse bacteria compensate for reductive genome evolution in the chromatophore of Paulinella chromatophora. PNAS 2016 link.
  24. PY Chen, BY Zheng, JX Liu, SJ Wei. Next-Generation Sequencing of Two Mitochondrial Genomes from Family Pompilidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea) Reveal Novel Patterns of Gene Arrangement. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2016 link.
  25. ZN Chen, SQ Xu. The complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequence of a terrestrial grasshopper, Curvipennis wixiensis (Acrididae: Podismini). Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
  26. Q Shi, Y Liu, HF Zhao . Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of slaty bunting Emberiza siemsseni (Passeriformes: Fringillidae). Conservation Genetics Resources link.
  27. L Feng, J Yang, YP Zhang, GF Zhao. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Burmese roofed turtle (Batagur trivittata)(Testudines: Geoemydidae). Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
  28. KS Kumar, KC Sivakumar, D Reghunathan, P Manoj, S George. The complete mitochondrial genome of Indirana semipalmata (Amphibia: Anura). Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
  29. TH Le, NTB Nguyen, KT Nguyen, HTT Doan, DT Dung, D Blair. A complete mitochondrial genome from Echinochasmus japonicus supports the elevation of Echinochasminae Odhner, 1910 to family rank (Trematoda: Platyhelminthes). Infection, Genetics and Evolution 2016 link.
  30. .H Lee, S Samadi, N Puillandre, MH Tsai, CF Dai, and WJ hen. Eight new mitogenomes for exploring the phylogeny and classification of Vetigastropoda. Journal of Molluscan Studies 2016 link.
  31. A Poliseno. Speciation, evolution and phylogeny of some shallow-water octocorals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). PhD Thesis link.
  32. JA Anmarkrud, JT Lifjeld. Complete mitochondrial genomes of eleven extinct or possibly extinct bird species. Molecular Ecology Resources, 2016 link.
  33. H Mao, H Liu, G Ma, Q Yang, X Guo, Z Lamaocao. The complete mitochondrial genome of Ovis ammon darwini (Artiodactyla: Bovidae). Conservation Genetics Resources link.
  34. DC Carvalho, Vi da Rocha Perini, AS Bastos, IR da Costa, RK Luz, C Furtado, F Prosdocimi. The complete mitochondrial genome of the threatened Neotropical catfish Lophiosilurus alexandri (Silurifomes: Pseudopimelodidae) and phylogenomic analysis indicate monophyly of Pimelodoidea. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 2016 link.
  35. DS Oliveira, TMFF Gomes, ELS Loreto. The rearranged mitochondrial genome of Leptopilina boulardi (Hymenoptera: Figitidae), a parasitoid wasp of Drosophila. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 2016 link.
  36. JT Wagner, FH Chavez, JE Podrabsky. Mitochondrial DNA sequence and lack of response to anoxia in the annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus. Frontiers in Physiology, 2016 link.
  37. N Song, S An, X Yin, W Cai, H Li. Application of RNA-seq for mitogenome reconstruction, and reconsideration of long-branch artifacts in Hemiptera phylogeny. Scientific Reports, 2016 link.
  38. HS Yong, SL Song, IW Suana, P Eamsobhana, PE Lim. Complete mitochondrial genome of Orthetrum dragonflies and molecular phylogeny of Odonata. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 2016 link.
  39. J Song, Y Tian, DL Guan. Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of an endangered alpine toad, Scutiger ningshanensis (Amphibia: Anura: Megophryidae). Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
  40. WS Phillips, AMV Brown, DK Howe, AB Peetz, VC Blok, DR Denver and IA Zasad. The mitochondrial genome of Globodera ellingtonae is composed of two circles with segregated gene content and differential copy numbers. BMC Genomics, 2016 link.
  41. JT Lifjeld, JA Anmarkrud, P Calabuig, JEJ Cooper, LE Johannessen, A Johnsen, AM Kearns, RF Lachlan, T Laskemoen, G Marthinsen, E Stensrud, E Garcia-del-Rey. Species-level divergences in multiple functional traits between the two endemic subspecies of Blue Chaffinches Fringilla teydea in Canary Islands. BMC Zoololy (2016) 1: 4 link.
  42. LL Pietan, TA Spradling, JW Demastes. The Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I Gene Occurs on a Minichromosome with Extensive Heteroplasmy in Two Species of Chewing Lice, Geomydoecus aurei and Thomomydoecus minor. PLOS ONE, 2016 link.
  43. MT Aguado, S Richter, R Sontowski, A Golombek, TH Struck, and C Bleidorn. Syllidae mitochondrial gene order is unusually variable for Annelida. Gene 2016 link.
  44. QX Zhang, DL Guan, Y Niu, LQ Sang, XX Zhang, SQ Xu. Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the Asian planthopper Ricania speculum (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Ricannidae). Conservation Genetics Resources link.
  45. JT Lifjeld, JA Anmarkrud, P Calabuig, JEJ Cooper, LE Johannessen, A Johnsen, AM Kearns, RF Lachlan, T Laskemoen, G Marthinsen, E Stensrud, E Garcia-del-Rey. Species-level divergences in multiple functional traits between the two endemic subspecies of Blue Chaffinches Fringilla teydea in Canary Islands. BMC Zoology (2016) 1: 4 link.
  46. PE Romero, AM Weigand, M Pfenninger. Positive selection on panpulmonate mitogenomes provide new clues on adaptations to terrestrial life. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2016 link.
  47. S Zhao, YL Dang, HG Zhang, XH Guo, XH Su, LX Xing. The complete mitochondrial genome of the subterranean termite Reticulitermes flaviceps (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
  48. DR Palsaniye, SK Rai, P Sharma, PK Ghosh. Mitochondrial genome sequence of Oryza sativa indica cultivar RP Bio-226. Ciurrent Science, 2016.
  49. E Zarza, BC Faircloth, WLE Tsai, RW Bryson, J Klicka, and JE McCormack. Hidden histories of gene flow in highland birds revealed with genomic markers. Molecular Ecology 2016 link.
  50. HS Yong, SL Song, PE Lim, P Eamsobhana, IW Suana. Complete mitochondrial genome of Eurema blanda and phylogenetic relationship with its congener E. hecabe and other pierid butterflies. Meta Gene 2016 link.
  51. HJ Song, JM Lee, L Graf, M Rho, H Qiu, D Bhattacharya, and HS Yoon. A novice’s guide to analyzing NGS-derived organelle and metagenome data. Algae 2016, link.
  52. DJ Schmidt, B Brockett, T Espinoza, M Connell, and JM Hughes. Complete mitochondrial genome of the endangered Mary River turtle (Elusor macrurus) and low mtDNA variation across the species' range. Australian Journal of Zoology, 2016 link.
  53. VL González, E Kayal, M Halloran, Y Shrestha, and MG Harasewych. The complete mitochondrial genome of the land snail Cerion incanum (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora) and the phylogenetic relationships of Cerionidae within Panpulmonata. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 2016 link.
  54. T Kikuchi, T Afrin, M Yoshida. Complete mitochondrial genomes of four entomopathogenic nematode species of the genus Steinernema. Parasites & Vectors, 2016 link.
  55. VC Seixas, PC Paiva, CA de Moraes Russo. Complete mitochondrial genomes are not necessarily more informative than individual mitochondrial genes to recover a well-established annelid phylogeny Gene Reports, 2016 link.
  56. NP Araújo, GB Dias, BD Amaro, M Svartman. The complete mitochondrial genomes of two Atlantic spiny rats, genus Trinomys (Rodentia: Echimyidae), from low-pass shotgun sequencing. Gene Reports, 2016 link.
  57. R Hari, IC Paterson, SW Choo. A new complete mitogenome of the critically endangered Chinese pangolin Manis pentadactyla. Conservation Genetics Resources, 2016 link.
  58. JE Uribe, D Colgan, LR Castro, Y Kano, R Zardoya. Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Neritimorpha (Mollusca: Gastropoda)Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 2016. link.
  59. AG Briscoe, KP Hopkins, and A Waeschenbach. High-Throughput Sequencing of Complete Mitochondrial Genomes. Marine Genomics: Methods and Protocols 2016: 45-64. link.
  60. AL Montiel, D Hail, JF Macias-Velasco, CM Powell, BR Bextine. The Mitochondrial Genome of the Potato Psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli Sulc., and Differences Among Potato Psyllid Populations of the United States. Southwestern Entomologist 2016 link.
  61. XY Peng, P Zhou, XY Duan, ZQ Qian. The mitochondrial genomes of twelve Anopheles. Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
  62. P Jiang, H Li, F Song, W Cai. Duplication and Remolding of tRNA Genes in the Mitochondrial Genome of Reduvius tenebrosus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17(6):951 2016 link.
  63. S Maddock, AG Briscoe, M Wilkinson, D Gower. Next-Generation Mitogenomics: A Comparison of Approaches Applied to Caecilian Amphibian Phylogeny. PLoS ONE 11(6):e0156757 2016 link.
  64. K Wang, X Li, S Ding, N Wang, M Mao, M Wang, D Yang. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Atylotus miser (Diptera: Tabanomorpha: Tabanidae), with mitochondrial genome phylogeny of lower Brachycera (Orthorrhapha). Gene 2016 link.
  65. XY Duan, XY Peng, ZQ Qian. The complete mitochondrial genomes of two globally invasive ants, the Argentine ant Linepithema humile and the little fire ant Wasmannia auropunctata. Conservation Genetics Resources 2016 link.
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  195. X-C Huang, J Rong, Y Liu, M-H Zhang, Y Wan, S. Ouyang, C-H Zhou, and X-P Wu. The Complete Maternally and Paternally Inherited Mitochondrial Genomes of the Endangered Freshwater Mussel Solenaia carinatus (Bivalvia: Unionidae) and Implications for Unionidae Taxonomy. PLoS ONE 2013 8(12): e84352 link
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  205. S-O Kolokotronis, J Foox, JA Rosenfeld, MR Brugler, D Reeves, JB Benoit, W Boot, G Robison, M Steffen, SR Palli, C Schal, S Richards, A Narechani, RH Baker, LN Sorkin, G Amato, CE Mason, ME Siddall, R DeSalle, and Z Sakas. The mitogenome of the bed bug Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources 2016 link.
  206. H She, G Zhao, L Zhou, C Gu. Complete mitochondrial genome of Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus (Ciconiiformes: Charadriidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part A 2016 link.
  207. A Emami-Khoyi, DA Hartley, JG Ross, EC Murphy, AM Paterson, RH Cruickshank, and T-A Else. Complete mitochondrial genome of the stoat (Mustela erminea) and New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) and their significance for mammalian phylogeny. Mitochondrial DNA Part A 2016 link.
  208. C Andujar, P Arribas, B Linard, R Kundrata, L Bocak and AP Vogler. The mitochondrial genome of Iberobaenia (Coleoptera: Iberobaeniidae): first rearrangement of protein-coding genes in the beetles. Mitochondrial DNA Part A 2016 link.
  209. S Yuan, Z Lu, X Wu, H Fu, D Bao, H Malqin, S Yang. Complete mitochondrial genome of Myospalax aspalax (Rodentia, Spalacidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part A 2016 link.
  210. M Nowrousian. Complete Mitochondrial Genome Sequence of the Pezizomycete Pyronema confluens. Genome Announcement 2016 link.
  211. KH Tisthammer, ZH Forsman, VL Sindorf, TL Massey, CR Bielecki, and RJ Toonen. The complete mitochondrial genome of the lobe coral Porites lobata (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) sequenced using ezRAD. Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link.
  212. F Wu, Y Cen, X Deng, Z Zheng, J Chen, G Liang. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link.
  213. J Takahashi, M Nishimoto, T Wakamiya, M Takahashi, T Kiyoshi, K Tsuchida, and T Nomura. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Japanese bumblebee, Bombus hypocrita sapporensis (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link.
  214. MZ Karagozlu, JM Sung, JH Lee, T Kwon, CB Kim. Complete mitochondrial genome sequences and phylogenetic relationship of Elysia ornata (Swainson, 1840)(Mollusca, Gastropoda, Heterobranchia, Sacoglossa). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link.
  215. MZ Karagozlu, JM Sung, JH Lee, W Kwak, CB Kim. Complete sequences of mitochondrial genome of Hypselodoris festiva (A. Adams, 1861)(Mollusca, Gastropoda, Nudibranchia). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link.
  216. A Nikitina, V Babenko, T Akopian, D Shirokov, V Manuvera, A Kurdyumov, E Kostryukova, and V Lazarev. Draft mitochondrial genomes of Hirudo medicinalis and Hirudo verbana (Annelida, Hirudinea). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link.
  217. JA Arnemann, TK Walsh, KHJ Gordon, H Brier, JVC Guedes, and WT Tay. Complete mitochondrial genome of the soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2016 link.
  218. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Japanese honeybee, Apis cerana japonica (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae). The complete mitochondrial genome of the Japanese honeybee, Apis cerana japonica (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B, 2016 link.
  219. T Strzała, R Grochowalska, B Najbar, P Mikulíček, D Jandzik, P Lymberakis, and D Jablonski. Complete mitochondrial genome of the endemic legless lizard Anguis cephallonica Werner, 1894 and its comparison with mitogenome of Anguis fragilis Linnaeus, 1758. Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link
  220. GM Lin, KN Shen, CD Hsiao. Next generation sequencing yields the complete mitogenome of nereid worm, Namalycastis abiuma (Annelida: Nereididae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link
  221. W Niu, R Lin, X Shi, CH Chen, KN Shen, CD Hsiao. Next-generation sequencing yields the complete mitogenome of massive coral, Porites lutea (Cnidaria: Poritidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link
  222. W Niu, H Huang, R Lin, CH Chen, KN Shen, CD Hsiao. The complete mitogenome of the Galaxy Coral, Galaxea fascicularis (Cnidaria: Oculinidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link
  223. P Xiang, M Lin, L Zhao, KN Shen, CD Hsiao. Low-coverage genome sequencing yields the complete mitogenome of Pyjama Slug, Chromodoris quadricolor (Mollusca: Chromodorididae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link
  224. P Xiang, M Lin, Y Wang, KN Shen, CD Hsiao. The complete mitogenome of sea slug, Phyllidia ocellata (Mollusca: Phyllidiidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part B 2016 link
  225. SS Hunter, ML Settles, DD New, CE Parent, and AT Gerritsen. Mitochondrial Genome Sequence of the Galápagos Endemic Land Snail Naesiotus nux. Genome Announcements 4(1):e01362-15 2016 link
  226. AT Gerritsen, DD New, BD Robison, A Rashed, P Hohenlohe, L Forney, M Rashidi, CM Wilson, and ML Settles. Full Mitochondrial Genome Sequence of the Sugar Beet Wireworm Limonius californicus (Coleoptera: Elateridae), a Common Agricultural Pest. Genome Announcements 4(1):e01628-15 2016 link
  227. M Sveinsdóttir, L Guðmundsdóttir, KP Magnússon. Complete mitochondrial genome of the gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus (Aves, Falconiformes, Falconidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  228. SR Kolora, R Faria, A Weigert, S Schaffer, A Grimm, K Henle, AH Sahyoun, PF Stadler, K Nowick, C Bleidorn and M Schlegel. The complete mitochondrial genome of Lacerta bilineata and comparison with its closely related congener L. Viridis. Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  229. L Wen, X Yang, J Liao, Y Fu, B Dai. The complete mitochondrial genome of the fulvous parrotbill Paradoxornis fulvifrons (Passeriformes: Muscicapidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  230. P da Silva Lemos, HA de Oliveira Monteiro, FC Castro, CPS de Lima, DEA da Silva, JM de Vasconcelos, LF de Oliveira, SP da Silva, JF Cardoso, JL da Silva Gonçalves Vianez Júniora and MRT Nunesa. Characterization of mitochondrial genome of Haemagogus janthinomys (Diptera: Culicidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  231. DC Yang, Y Sun, CH Lu. The complete mitochondrial genome of Zosterops japonicas (Aves, Zosteropidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  232. B Linard, P Arribas, C Andújar, A Crampton-Platt and AP Vogler. The mitogenome of Hydropsyche pellucidula (Hydropsychidae): first gene arrangement in the insect order Trichoptera. Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  233. PG de Sá, A Veras, CS Fontana, A Aleixo, T Burlamaqui, CV Mello, AT Ribeiro de Vasconcelos, F Prosdocimi, R Ramos, M Schneider and A Silva. The assembly and annotation of the complete Rufous-bellied thrush mitochondrial genome. Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  234. AG Briscoe, D Sivell, RE Harbach. The complete mitochondrial genome of Dixella aestivalis (Diptera: Nematocera: Dixidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  235. L Wen, Y Wang, Y Fu, B Dai. The complete mitochondrial genome of the white-browed laughingthrush Garrulax sannio (Passeriformes: Leiothrichidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  236. P Li, M Yang, S Ni, L Zhou, Z Wang, S Wei, Q Qin. Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of the pelagic chaetognath, sagitta ferox. Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  237. F Kong, JY Wu, JM Guo. The complete mitochondrial genome of the small-toothed forest hedgehog Mesechinus miodon (Eulipotyphla: Erinaceidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  238. LF Peng, DC Yang, CH Lu. Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Eurasian blackbird, Turdus merula (Aves: Turdidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  239. X Tian, J Liu, Y Cui, P Dong, Y Zhu. Mitochondrial genome of one kind of giant Asian mantis, Hierodula formosana (Mantodea: Mantidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  240. S Kim, H Kim, SC Shin. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Antarctic midge Parochlus steinenii (Diptera: Chironomidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  241. BR de Souza, WT Tay, C Czepak, S Elfekih, TK Walsh. The complete mitochondrial DNA genome of a Chloridea (Heliothis) subflexa (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) morpho-species. Mitochondrial DNA 2015 link
  242. JF Domínguez-Contreras, A Munguia-Vega, BP Ceballos-Vázquez, FJ García-Rodriguez, and M Arellano-Martinez. The complete mitochondrial genome of Octopus bimaculatus Verrill, 1883 from the Gulf of California. Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  243. Z Chang, QQ Shen. The complete mitochondrial genome of the navel orangeworm Amyelois transitella (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  244. XX Teng, ZH Xie, Y Zhang. The complete mitochondrial genome of the common buckeye Junonia coenia (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  245. MC Piper, M van Helden, LN Court, WT Tay. Complete mitochondrial genome of the European Grapevine moth (EGVM) Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  246. APV Martins, AO do Carmo, FO Mesquita, RJG Pimenta, AT de Azevedo Chagas, and E Kalapothakis. Many unique characteristics revealed by the complete mitochondrial genome of the scorpion Tityus serrulatus (Lutz e Mello 1922)(Chelicerata; Arachnida). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  247. DA Moreira, MGP Magalhães, PCC de Andrade, C Furtado, AL Val, and TE Parente. An RNA-based approach to sequence the mitogenome of Hypoptopoma incognitum (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  248. L Chhakchhuak, S De Mandal, G Gurusubramanian, N Sudalaimuthu, C Gopalakrishnan, RC Mugasimangalam, Vanramliana, and NS Kumar. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Himalayan honey bee, Apis laboriosa. Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  249. J Fuchs, JM Pons, E Pasquet, C Bonillo. Complete mitochondrial genomes of the white-browed piculet (Sasia ochracea, Picidae) and pale-billed woodpecker (Campephilus guatemalensis, Picidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  250. A MacLeod, I Irisarri, M Vences, S Steinfartz. The complete mitochondrial genomes of the Galápagos iguanas, Amblyrhynchus cristatus and Conolophus subcristatus. Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  251. Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the Scarlet Tiger moth Callimorpha dominula (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). XY Peng, XY Duan, Y Qiang. Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  252. M Stokkan, JA Jurado-Rivera, C Juan, D Jaume, and J Pons. Mitochondrial genome rearrangements at low taxonomic levels: three distinct mitogenome gene orders in the genus Pseudoniphargus (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  253. KN Shen, CW Chang, YF Chan, ZH Lin, SY Tsai, CH Chen, and CD Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Woodhead's angelfish (Centropyge woodheadi) and Herald's angelfish (Centropyge heraldi)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  254. KN Shen, CW Chang, ZH Lin, YF Chan, SY Tsai, CH Chen, and CD Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Cocos lemonpeel angelfish (Centropyge flavissima) and Eibl's angelfish (Centropyge eibli)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2015. link
  255. KN Shen, CW Chang, CH Chen, CD Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Armitage angelfish (Apolemichthys armitagei) and Griffisi angelfish (Apolemichthys griffisi)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015. link
  256. T Tsunashima, R Yamada, K Abe, S Noguchi, S Itoi, S Nakai, N Takai, and H Sugita. Phylogenetic position of Scombropidae within teleostei: the complete mitochondrial genome of the gnomefish, Scombrops gilberti. Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  257. CD Hsiao, KN Shen, YF Chan, ZH Lin, SY Tsai, CH Chen, and CW Chang. Complete mitogenomes of Spotbreast angelfish (Genicanthus melanospilos) and Blackstriped angelfish (Genicanthus lamarck)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  258. C Zhou, M Tan, S Du, R Zhang, R Machida, X Zhou. The mitochondrial genome of the winter stonefly Apteroperla tikumana (Plecoptera, Capniidae) Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  259. CJ Yao, CH Chen, CD Hsiao. The complete mitogenome of Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale (Mesoplodon ginkgodens)(Chordata: Ziphiidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  260. KN Shen, CW Chang, ZH Lin, YF Chan, SY Tsai, CH Chen, and CD Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Whitetail angelfish (Centropyge flavicauda) and Orangeback angelfish (Centropyge acanthops)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  261. KN Shen, CW Chang, SY Tsai, ZH Lin, YF Chan, CH Chen, and CD Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Barred angelfish (Paracentropyge multifasciata) and Purplemask angelfish (Paracentropyge venusta)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae) Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  262. KN Shen, CW Chang, CH Chen, CD Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of King angelfish (Holacanthus passer) and Queen angelfish (Holacanthus ciliaris)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  263. J-H Song, S Kim, S Shin, and G-S Min. The complete mitochondrial genome of the mysid shrimp, Neomysis japonica (Crustacea, Malacostraca, Mysida). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  264. K-N Shen, C-H Chen, and C-D Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Guinean angelfish (Holacanthus africanus) and Rock beauty (Holacanthus tricolor) (Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  265. K-N Shen, C-W Chang, C-H Chen, and C-D Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Multicolor angelfish (Centropyge multicolor) and Yellowhead angelfish (Centropyge joculator) (Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  266. C Vanlalruati, SD Mandal, G Gurusubramanian, NS Kumar.
  267. JH Grau, JJ Nuñez, J Plötner, AJ Poustka. The complete mitochondrial genome of Telmatobufo australis (Amphibia: Anura: Calyptocephalellidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  268. KN Shen, CW Chang, CH Chen, CD Hsiao. Complete mitogenomes of Multicolor angelfish (Centropyge multicolor) and Yellowhead angelfish (Centropyge joculator)(Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  269. C Vanlalruati, SD Mandal, G Gurusubramanian, NS Kumar. Complete mitochondrial genome of Chocolate Pansy, Junonia iphita (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  270. C Galván-Tirado, MA del Río-Portilla, R Delgado-Vega, and FJ García-De León. Genetic variability between complete mitochondrion genomes of the sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria (Pallas, 1814). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  271. K-N Shen, C-W Chang, S-Y Tsai, S-C Wu, Z-H Lin, Y-F Chan, C-H Chen, C-D Hsiao, and P Borsa. Next generation sequencing yields complete mitogenomes of Leopard whipray (Himantura leoparda) and Blue-spotted stingray (Neotrygon kuhlii) (Chondrichthyes: Dasyatidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  272. K-H Loh, K-T Shao, C-H Chen, H-M Chen, Amy Y-H Then, P-L Loo, P-E Lim, V-C Chong, K-N Shen, and C-D Hsiao. Complete mitogenome of two moray eels of Gymnothorax formosus and Scuticaria tigrina (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  273. C-D Hsiao, K-N Shen, S-Y Tsai, S-C Wu, C-H Chen, and C-W Chang. The complete mitogenome of Japanese swallow angelfish (Genicanthus semifasciatus) and Ornate angelfish (Genicanthus bellus) (Teleostei: Pomacanthidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  274. C Quezada-Romegialli, D Véliz, F Docmac, C Harrod. The complete mitochondrial genome of the rocky reef fish Cheilodactylus variegatus Valenciennes, 1833 (Teleostei: Cheilodactylidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  275. X Li, J Lu, J Lu, X Hu, Z Huang. The complete mitochondrial genome of the American crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos (Passeriformes, Corvidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  276. H-Y Lin, C-H Chang, H-C Ho, and K-T Shao. The complete mitochondrial genome of Wanieso lizardfish Saurida wanieso Shindo & Yamada, 1972 (Aulopiformes: Synodontidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  277. JC Day, RK Broughton, SA Hinsley. Sequence and organization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the marsh tit Poecile palustris (Aves: Paridae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  278. JJ Dong, DL Guan, SQ Xu. Complete mitogenome of the semi-aquatic grasshopper Oxya intricate (Stål.)(Insecta: Orthoptera: Catantopidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  279. The mitochondrial genome of the Arizona Snowfly Mesocapnia arizonensis (Plecoptera, Capniidae). V Elbrecht, and F Leese. Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  280. HM Gan, MH Tan, HY Gan, YP Lee, CM Austin. The complete mitogenome of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus (Linnaeus, 1758)(Crustacea: Decapoda: Nephropidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  281. X Zeng, T Huiwu, D Wang, X Duan, D Chen. The complete mitochondrial genome of Xenophysogobio nudicorpa (Teleostei, Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  282. R Yang, DL Guan, SQ Xu. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Chinese endemic grasshopper Fruhstorferiola kulinga (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Podismini). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  283. XY Peng, P Zhou, Y Qiang, ZQ Qian. Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of Bombyx huttoni (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  284. M Uliano-Silva, J Americo, AS Bastos, C Furtado, M de Freitas Rebelo, and F Prosdocimi. Complete mitochondrial genome of the brown mussel Perna perna (Bivalve, Mytilidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  285. MG León-Pech, AY Castillo-Páez, CI Bisbal-Pardo, A Rocha-Olivares, and MA del Río-Portilla. Complete mitochondrial genome of the beaubrummel Damselfish, Stegastes flavilatus (Pisces: Perciformes, Pomacentridae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  286. DL Guan, SQ Xu. The complete mitogenome of the Asiatic Salamander Batrachuperus tibetanus (Amphibia: Caudata: Hynobiidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  287. EV Romanova, KV Mikhailov, MD Logacheva, RM Kamaltynov, VV Aleoshin, and DY. Sherbakov. The complete mitochondrial genome of a deep-water Baikalian amphipoda Brachyuropus grewingkii (Dybowsky, 1874). Mitochondrial DNA, 2015 link
  288. The complete validated mitochondrial genome of the yellownose skate Zearaja chilensis (Guichenot 1848) (Rajiformes, Rajidae). C Vargas-Caro, C Bustamante, MB Bennett, and JR Ovenden. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  289. The complete mitogenome of Xenophysogobio boulengeri (Cypriniformes; Cyprinidae). W Tao and H Zhao. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  290. HY Gan, HM Gan, YP Lee, and CM Austin. The complete mitochondrial genome of the bass yabby Trypaea australiensis Dana 1852, (Crustacea; Decapoda; Callianassidae) - a new gene order for the Decapoda. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  291. N Restrepo-Escobar, JF Alzate, and EJ Márquez. Mitochondrial genome of the Trans-Andean shovelnose catfish Sorubim cuspicaudus (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  292. F Camarena-Rosales, MA Del Río-Portilla, G Ruiz-Campos, and FJ García-De-León. Entire mitochondrion genome sequence of the Desert Pupfish, Cyprinodon macularius Baird & Girard, 1853. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  293. T Tsunashima, S Itoi, K Abe, T Takigawa, S Inoue, T Kozen, N Ono, S Noguchi, S Nakai, N Takai, M-C Huang, and H Sugita. The complete mitochondrial genome of the gnomefish Scombrops boops (Teleostei, Perciformes, Scombropidae) from the Pacific Ocean off the Japanese Islands. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  294. CC Dietrich, A Brune. The complete mitogenomes of six higher termite species reconstructed from metagenomic datasets (Cornitermes sp., Cubitermes ugandensis, Microcerotermes parvus, Nasutitermes corniger, Neocapritermes taracua, and Termes hospes). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  295. F Morinha, C Clemente, JA Cabral, MM Lewicka, P Travassos, D Carvalho, JA Dávila, M Santos, G Blanco, and E Bastos. Next-generation sequencing and comparative analysis of Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax and Pyrrhocorax graculus (Passeriformes: Corvidae) mitochondrial genomes. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  296. X Nan, C Wei, H He. The complete mitogenome of Eucryptorrhynchus brandti (Harold)(Insecta: Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  297. N Restrepo-Escobar, JF Alzate, EJ Márquez. Mitochondrial genome of the Neotropical catfish Ageneiosus pardalis, Lütken 1874 (Siluriformes, Auchenipteridae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  298. RM Landínez-García, JF Alzate, EJ Márquez. Mitochondrial genome of the Neotropical trans-Andean fish Ichthyoelephas longirostris, Steindachner 1879 (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  299. RM Landínez-García, JF Alzate, EJ Márquez. Mitochondrial genome of the Neotropical detritivore fish Curimata mivartii Steindachner 1878 (Characiformes, Curimatidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  300. RM Landínez-García, JF Alzate, EJ Márquez. Complete mitogenome of the Neotropical fish Brycon henni, Eigenmann 1913 (Characiformes, Bryconidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  301. JP Isaza, JF Alzate, JA Maldonado-Ocampo. Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Grundulus bogotensis (Humboldt, 1821). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  302. The complete mitochondrial genome of the crocodile shark, Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Chondrichthyes, Lamnidae). C-H Chang, K-T Shao, Y-S Lin, and H-C Ho. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  303. The complete mitochondrial DNA of the Pacific Geoduck clam (Panopea generosa). C I Bisbal-Pardo, M A del Río-Portilla, and A Rocha-Olivares. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  304. The complete mitochondrial genome of Heliconius pachinus (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Z-H Huang, P-F Dai, and G-F Zhao. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  305. Shotgun assembly of the complete mitochondrial genome of the neotropical cracker butterfly Hamadryas epinome. S Cally, E Lhuillier, A Iribar, I Garzón-Orduña, E Coissac, and J Murienne. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  306. The complete mitochondrial genome of the giant electric ray, Narcine entemedor (Elasmobranchii: Torpediniformes). A Castillo-Páez, M A del Río-Portilla, and A Rocha-Olivares. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  307. The complete mitochondrial genome of Baikalian amphipoda Eulimnogammarus vittatus Dybowsky, 1874. E V. Romanova, K V. Mikhailov, M D. Logacheva, R M. Kamaltynov, V V. Aleoshin, and D Yu Sherbakov. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  308. Complete mitochondrial DNA genome of Bemisia tabaci cryptic pest species complex Asia I (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). WT Tay, S Elfekih, L Court, KH Gordon, and PJ De Barro. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  309. The mitochondrial genome of the banded guitarfish, Zapteryx exasperata (Jordan and Gilbert, 1880), possesses a non-coding duplication remnant region. A Castillo-Páez, M A del Río-Portilla, E Oñate-González, and A Rocha-Olivares. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  310. Complete mitochondrial genome of Salminus brasiliensis (Characiformes, Characidae). PFP Brandão-Dias, A Oliveira do Carmo, A P V Martins, R J G Pimenta, C B M Alves, and E Kalapothakis. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  311. K. F. Bennett, A. W. Bailey, D. J. Brambert, E. W. Ferhati, C. A. Karson, U. Nafasat, J. K. Wadleigh, and A. H. Wright. The F type mitochondrial genome of the scorched mussel: Brachidontes exustus,(Mytiloida, Mytilidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  312. Next generation sequencing yields the complete mitochondrial genome of the Endangered Chilean silverside Basilichthys microlepidotus (Jenyns, 1841) (Teleostei, Atherinopsidae), validated with RNA-seq D. Véliz, C. Vega-Retter, and C. Quezada-Romegialli. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  313. Lionfish, Pterois volitans Linnaeus 1758, the complete mitochondrial DNA of an invasive species. M. A. Del Río-Portilla, C. E. Vargas-Peralta, S. Machkour-M'Rabet, Y. Hénaut, and F. J. García-De-León. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  314. The complete mitochondrial DNA of the endemic shortfin silverside, Chirostoma humboldtianum (Valenciennes, 1835). I. de los A. Barriga-Sosa, F. J. García De León, and M. A. Del Río-Portilla. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  315. ZQ Qian. The complete mitogenome of the Cydno Longwing Heliconius cydno (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  316. The complete mitogenome of Gnathopogon polytaenia (Cypriniformes; Cyprinidae). W Tao, H Zhao. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link.
  317. MA Del Río-Portilla, CE Vargas-Peralta, C Farfán, I de los A Barriga-Sosa, and FJ García-De-León. The complete mitochondrial DNA of the bay snook, Petenia splendida, a native Mexican cichlid. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link.
  318. MH Tan, HM Gan, YP Lee, CM Austin. The complete mitogenome of the stone crab Myomenippe fornasinii (Bianconi, 1851)(Crustacea: Decapoda: Menippidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  319. CM Austin, MH Tan, YP Lee, LJ Croft, MG Meekan and HM Gan. The complete mitogenome of the cow tail ray Pastinachus atrus (Macleay, 1883)(Elasmobranchii; Myliobatiformes; Dasyatidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  320. MH Tan, HM Gan, YP Lee, CM Austin. The complete mitogenome of the moon crab Ashtoret lunaris (Forskal, 1775),(Crustacea; Decapoda; Matutidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  321. XH Huang, FS Zhong, WN Li, JB Chen, AX Zhang, and QF Yao. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Wuhua three-yellow chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  322. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Heliconius hecale (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). QQ Shen, L Wang. Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  323. L Wang, XJ Du, XF Li. The complete mitogenome of the Common Mormon Papilio polytes (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link.
  324. Y Zhang, J Sun, X Li, JW Qiu. The mitochondrial genome of the deep-sea glass sponge Lophophysema eversa (Porifera, Hexacinellida, Hyalonematidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link.
  325. Christopher M A, Mun H T, Laurence J C, and Han M G. The complete mitogenome of the freshwater crayfish Cherax cainii (Crustacea: Decapoda: Parastacidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014. link.
  326. Z-Q Qian. The complete mitogenome of the dampwood termite Zootermopsis nevadensis (Insecta: Isoptera: Termopsidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014. link
  327. L. Taillebois, D. Crook, T. Saunders, and J. Ovenden. The complete mitochondrial genome of the golden snapper Lutjanus johnii (Perciformes: Lutjanidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014. link
  328. L. Taillebois, D. Crook, T. Saunders, and J. Ovenden. The complete mitochondrial genome of the black jewfish Protonibea diacanthus (Perciformes: Sciaenidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014. link
  329. H. M. Souto, P. A. Ruschi, C. Furtado, W. B. Jennings, and F. Prosdocimi. The complete mitochondrial genome of the ruby-topaz hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus through Illumina sequencing. Mitochondrial DNA 2014. link
  330. Dean C. Blower and Jennifer R. Ovenden. The complete mitochondrial genome of the sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link ´
  331. Del Río-Portilla, M. A., Vargas-Peralta, C. E., Paz-García, D. A., Lafarga De La Cruz, F., Balart, E. F., & García-de-León, F. J. The complete mitochondrial DNA of endemic Eastern Pacific coral (Porites panamensis). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  332. C. M. Austin, M. H. Tan, Y. P. Lee, L. J. Croft, M. G. Meekan, S. J. Pierce, and H. M. Gan. The complete mitogenome of the whale shark parasitic copepod Pandarus rhincodonicus norman, Newbound & Knott (Crustacea; Siphonostomatoida; Pandaridae) – a new gene order for the copepoda. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  333. C.-H. Chang, W.-C. Chiang, Y.-S. Lin, N.-H. Jang-Liaw, and K.-T. Shao. Complete mitochondrial genome of the longfin mako shark, Isurus paucus (Chondrichthyes, Lamnidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  334. C. M. Austin, M. H. Tan, Y. P. Lee, L. J. Croft, and H. M. Gan. The complete mitogenome of the Murray Cod, Maccullochella peelii (Mitchell, 1838) (Teleostei: Percichthyidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  335. P. Liao and Y. Jin. The complete mitochondrial genome of the toad-headed lizard subspecies, Phrynocephalus theobaldi orientalis (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  336. M. A. D. Río-Portilla1, C. E. Vargas-Peralta, F. Lafarga-De La Cruz, L. Arias-Rodriguez, R. Delgado-Vega, C. G.-Tirado, and F. J. García-de-León. The complete mitochondrial DNA of the tropical gar (Atractosteus tropicus). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  337. V. da Rocha Perini, D. C. de Carvalho, L. B. Beheregaray, and F. Prosdocimi. The complete mitochondrial genome of the southern purple-spotted gudgeon Mogurnda adspersa (Perciformes: Eleotridae) through pyrosequencing. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  338. N. A. Robinson, N. E. Hall, E. M. Ross, I. R. Cooke, B. P. Shiel, A. J. Robinson, and J. M. Strugnell. The complete mitochondrial genome of Haliotis laevigata (Gastropoda: Haliotidae) using MiSeq and HiSeq sequencing. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  339. V. da Rocha Perini, D. C. de Carvalho, L. B. Beheregaray, and F. Prosdocimi. The complete mitochondrial genome of the southern purple-spotted gudgeon Mogurnda adspersa (Perciformes: Eleotridae) through pyrosequencing. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  340. C.-H. Chang, N.-H. Jang-Liaw, Y.-S. Lin, A. Carlisle, H. H. Hsu, Y.-C. Liao, and K.-T. Shao. The complete mitochondrial genome of the salmon shark, Lamna ditropis (Chondrichthyes, Lamnidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  341. C. Bustamante and J. R. Ovenden. The complete validated mitochondrial genome of the silver gemfish Rexea solandri (Cuvier, 1832) (Perciformes, Gempylidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  342. The complete mitogenome of the marine bivalve Lutraria rhynchaena Jonas 1844 (Heterodonta: Bivalvia: Mactridae). H. M. Gan, M. H. Tan, B. T. Thai, and C. M. Austin. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  343. Complete mitochondrial genome of Polymastia littoralis (Demospongiae, Polymastiidae). C. del Cerro, A. Peñalver, C. Cuevas, F. de la Calle, B. Galán, and J. L. García. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  344. Complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a phytophagous ladybird beetle, Henosepilachna pusillanima (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). G. T. Behere, D. M. Firake, W. T. Tay, N. S. A. Thakur, and S. V. Ngachan. Mitochondrial DNA 2014 link
  345. C-H. Chang, R. W. Jabado, Y-S. Lin, and K-T. Shao. The complete mitochondrial genome of the sand tiger shark, Carcharias taurus (Chondrichthyes, Odontaspididae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  346. T. K. Walsh. Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of the Australian Heliothine moth, Australothis rubrescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Mitochondrial DNA, 2014 link
  347. N. E. Hall, J. Hanzak, A. L. Allcock, I. R. Cooke, A. Ogura, and J M. Strugnell. The complete mitochondrial genome of the pygmy squid, Idiosepius (Cephalopoda: Decapodiformes): the first representative from the family Idiosepiidae. Mitochondrial DNA link
  348. S. R. Doyle, I. S. Griffith, N. P. Murphy, and J. M. Strugnell. Low-coverage MiSeq next generation sequencing reveals the mitochondrial genome of the Eastern Rock Lobster, Sagmariasus verreauxi. Mitochondrial DNA link
  349. J. Hester, K. Atwater, A. Bernard, M. Francis, and M. S. Shivji. The complete mitochondrial genome of the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus (Chondrichthyes, Cetorhinidae). Mitochondrial DNA link
  350. F. Li, K.-T. Shao, Y.-S. Lin, C.-H. Chang. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Rhodeus shitaiensis (Teleostei, Cypriniformes, Acheilognathidae). Mitochondrial DNA link
  351. C.-H. Chang, K.-T. Shao, Y.-S. Lin, A.-Y. Tsai, P.-X. Su, H.-C. Ho. The complete mitochondrial genome of the shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus (Chondrichthyes, Lamnidae). Mitochondrial DNA link
  352. C.-H. Chang, K.-T. Shao, Y.-S. Lin, Y.-C. Fang, H.-C. Ho. The complete mitochondrial genome of the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias (Chondrichthyes, Lamnidae). Mitochondrial DNA link
  353. C.-H. Chang, K.-T. Shao, Y.-S. Lin, W.-C. Chiang, and N.-H. Jang-Liaw. Complete mitochondrial genome of the megamouth shark Megachasma pelagios (Chondrichthyes, Megachasmidae). Mitochondrial DNA link
  354. C.-H. Chang, K.-T. Shao, Y.-S. Lin, H.-C. Ho, and Y.-C. Liao. The complete mitochondrial genome of the big-eye thresher shark, Alopias superciliosus (Chondrichthyes, Alopiidae). Mitochondrial DNA link
  355. D. C. Blower, J. P. Hereward, and J. R. Ovenden. The complete mitochondrial genome of the dusky shark Carcharhinus obscurus. Mitochondrial DNA 2013, 24(6):619-621 link
  356. J. Li, X. Guo, D. Chen, and Y. Wang. The complete mitochondrial genome of the Yarkand toad-headed agama, Phrynocephalus axillaris (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2013, 24(3):234-236 link

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